Question: What Is Oral Surgery?
When you hear the words oral surgery, you may think of a hospital setting, general anaesthesia, and one or more days in recovery from this type of dental procedure; but you might be surprised to know what is actually considered oral surgery in dentistry. Many procedures done in a general dental office are considered oral surgery and patients that require such procedures are booked for the procedure without the inconvenience of being put on a waiting list for treatment.
Tooth ExtractionsThe most recognized form of oral surgery is tooth extraction. Reasons for tooth extraction can range from:
- Impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth
- Teeth beyond repair either from tooth decay, root fracture, or trauma
- Primary teeth that have failed to fall out, preventing the eruption of permanent teeth
- Orthodontic treatment plans may require the removal of some teeth to achieve the optimum result
Corrective Jaw SurgeryOrthognathic surgery, known as jaw surgery to most, is preformed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Common reasons for jaw surgery include:
- TMJ or temporomandibular joint pain and dysfunction caused by trauma or deformation
- Major or minor trauma
- Malocclusion or incorrect bite
- Clenching, or grinding of the teeth causing excessive tooth wear
- Difficulty chewing, eating, opening and closing the mouth, or talking
- Incorrect jaw position and un-proportioned facial appearance
Your dentist will refer you to see the surgeon if he/she feels your situation will benefit from a surgical treatment option.
Dental ImplantsDental implants are becoming a common procedure to replace missing teeth, or provide stability to a new or existing denture. Preformed by a dentist or oral surgeon, the procedure for placing a dental implant may vary depending on the technique used by the dentist or surgeon, and type of implant used. Most people that have had a dental implant report the recovery was similar to that of a tooth extraction and they were able to return to normal eating within a week of the procedure.